Photo Library of Hyogo Prefecture No.4 ~Tatsuno & Murotsu~”Little Kyoto” of Harima and Historical port town

Located in the southwestern part of Hyogo Prefecture, Tatsuno has two attractive areas colored by history. One is the Tatsuno area called Harima’s Little Kyoto. There are still many samurai residences and white walled treasures in this city that flourished as a castle town of 53 thousand koku centering on Tatsuno Castle ruins, and we can feel the history.  It is also known as the hometown of the lyricist Rofu Miki, known for the nursery rhyme “Aka Tonbo”(Red Dragonfly), a town prospered by soy sauce brewing. Murotsu is the gateway to the sea of ​​such Tatsuno. This port, which prospered from the Nara period as a good port of nature, prospered as a town serving as a point of contact between the sea and land heading for the land route Edo after the ship’s arrival at the shrine in the Edo era. Even now, many fishing vessels gathered in Murotsu to keep importance as a port town. There are many narrow alleys in the town, many old buildings are left, and you can remember the atmosphere at that time.

<Tatsuno Castle Ruins>

Tatsuno Castle was originally a mountain castle built on Mt. Torikagoyama summit by Mr. Akamatsu in the late Muromachi Period. In the Edo period, the castle tower at the summit was destroyed and rebuilt as a flat castle on the present place, but this was also later destroyed. In 1672 Mr. Wakisaka entered from Iida of Shinshu, was rebuilt again in the form of the Goten like a militant mansion rather than a castle. Only the current Ishigaki remains.

<Street of Tatsuno that is Little Kyoto of Harima>

Tatsuno is said to be a little Kyoto of Harima. There is still an emotional landscape in which the white walls of the white wall continue along the Urakawa  River area around Nyorai-ji Temple and around the former Wakisaka residence. It is a brick western style architecture, but the retro atmosphere is in harmony with the city streets of the castle town. While walking in the streets, you can see the fine historical buildings and houses built in the Edo period.

<Tatsuno Shrine>

Tatsuno Shrine is a shrine with a festival of Yasuharu Wakisaka, the first generation of the family Wakisaka family. Anji is a warlord who played an active part in Shizugatake. As you go up the long stone steps there is a torii, and the main hall is in the back.

<Shuen-Tei>

Shuentei is at the residence of Mr. Wakisaka of Takino han. On sunny days from here, we could see the islands of Awaji Island and Setouchi. It is the origin of the name that calls this land “the gate of Shuen” from the splendor of its view. There are three buildings: a crowd-like tea room (floating hall) imitating a shoin-zukuri style floating on the pond, a tea room “Rakuan”, and a lodging house Mr. Wakisaka’s apartment “Goryosho”. The landscaped garden is also famous as a landmark for autumn leaves. On the banks of the pond is a monument of Miki Rofu, a monument of Ihara Saikaku etc.

<Usukuchi (Light taste) Tatsuno Soy sauce Museum>

This building was built as the headquarters of the Kikuichi Soy Sauce Co., Ltd., and after the merger with the Asai-soy sauce company, it became the headquarters of Tatsuno Soy Sauce Co., Ltd. (present Higashimaru Shoyu Co., Ltd.). A building with brick and beautiful arched Renaissance style windows is designated as a registered tangible cultural property of the country. As the first soy sauce museum in the whole country, it opened in November 1979 (1979). Exhibits are more than 2,400 such as soy sauce brewing tools and materials from the Edo era, and you can understand the working process of old-fashioned soy sauce making. In the library with arched windows, there is also a video broadcast of “old and present soy sauce build”.

<Nyorai-Ji Temple>

Nyorai-Ji Temple is a temple of Nishiyama Jodo sect with a history of about 500 years. It is the Bodai-Ji temple of the Wakisaka family who is the lord of Tatsuno clan. In the precincts there is a monument of Rofu and a Fudeduka.

<Birth Place of Rofu Miki>

It is a birthplace of Rofu Miki famous for “lyrics of”Akatonbo (Red dragonfly) “. He lived with this parents / brother and this house until 6 years old.

<History Port, Murozu Town Street>

Murozu is one of the five good ports of the Nara era Gyoki opened, it has been considered a warm quiet good port from ancient times. It is also written in Harima-kyo Fudoki as “This port is inside room to Prevent This Night Wind”. Even now it is a fishing port where fishing vessels are lined in a quiet cove. Murozu fishing port was selected in February 2006 as “Fishery fishing village’s hundred elections of history and cultural property to be left in the future” (organized by the Fisheries Agency). If you turn your feet from the harbor to the middle of town, there will be narrow streets with stone pavement and emotional streets flourishing as lodging town once. You can see the cityscape and the bay from the hill which climbed the slope.

<Tatsuno City Murotsu Sea Station House>

It is the exhibition facility of the building of the Merchant “Shimaya” which was a whirl shop selling wholesalers from the early modern period to modern times. There are four different themes. In the building which left the character of the town shop in the Edo period, the building itself has features such as the characteristic ceiling like a houseboarding floor.

<Tatsuno Murotsu Folk Museum>

It is a folk museum which was made by repairing the remains of “Sakanaya (Fish Shop)”, a trading dealer who pursued the wisdom of the Himeji clan. . Murozu’s history and folk related materials such as old maps are displayed. There are 23 rooms in the luxurious building that also serves as Honjin of Wakimoto, and the number of tatami mats is 168. Each room has its designs tailored to the details. In 1988 (Showa 63) it is designated as a Hyogo prefectural cultural asset.

<Joun-Ji Temple>

Pure Land Buddhism, Honzon is Amida Buddha statue, the mountain name is Kiyosan Mountain, one of the twenty-five sacred places of the superior. There is a tomb of a prostitute mother who was a wife of Kiso Yoshinaka in front of the gate. It is also known as “Onatsu” statue, Chikamatsu’s love story ‘OnatsuseiJuro’. There is a bell tower above the mountain gate.

<Kaibori Well>

For those who were in trouble without fresh water, it is a freshwater well that is said to have been dug in a shell by a “Honen Shonin”. It is in the place where I went down from the Joun-Ji Temple to the sea side.